We, the presidents, rectors, and vice chancellors of universities from all regions of the world are deeply
concerned about the unprecedented scale and speed of environmental pollution and degradation, and the depletion
of natural resources.
Local, regional, and global air and water pollution; accumulation and distribution of toxic wastes; destruction
and depletion of forests, soil, and water; depletion of the ozone layer and emission of "green house" gases
threaten the survival of humans and thousands of other living species, the integrity of the earth and its
biodiversity, the security of nations, and the heritage of future generations. These environmental changes are
caused by inequitable and unsustainable production and consumption patterns that aggravate poverty in many
regions of the world.
We believe that urgent actions are needed to address these fundamental problems and reverse the trends.
Stabilization of human population, adoption of environmentally sound industrial and agricultural technologies,
reforestation, and ecological restoration are crucial elements in creating an equitable and sustainable future
for all humankind in harmony with nature.
Universities have a major role in the education, research, policy formation, and information exchange necessary
to make these goals possible. Thus, university leaders must initiate and support mobilization of internal and
external resources so that their institutions respond to this urgent challenge.
We, therefore, agree to take the following actions:
1. Increase Awareness of Environmentally Sustainable Development
Use every opportunity to raise public, government, industry,
foundation, and university awareness by openly addressing the
urgent need to move toward an environmentally sustainable future.
2. Create an Institutional Culture of Sustainability
Encourage all universities to engage in education, research,
policy formation, and information exchange on population, environment,
and development to move toward global sustainability.
3. Educate for Environmentally Responsible Citizenship
Establish programs to produce expertise in environmental management,
sustainable economic development, population, and related fields
to ensure that all university graduates are environmentally
literate and have the awareness and understanding to be ecologically
4. Foster Environmental Literacy For All
Create programs to develop the capability of university faculty
to teach environmental literacy to all undergraduate, graduate,
and professional students.
5. Practice Institutional Ecology
Set an example of environmental responsibility by establishing
institutional ecology policies and practices of resource conservation,
recycling, waste reduction, and environmentally sound operations.
6. Involve All Stakeholders
Encourage involvement of government, foundations, and industry
in supporting interdisciplinary research, education, policy
formation, and information exchange in environmentally sustainable
development. Expand work with community and nongovernmental
organizations to assist in finding solutions to environmental
7. Collaborate for Interdisciplinary Approaches
Convene university faculty and administrators with environmental
practitioners to develop interdisciplinary approaches to curricula,
research initiatives, operations, and outreach activities that
support an environmentally sustainable future.
8. Enhance Capacity of Primary and Secondary Schools
Establish partnerships with primary and secondary schools to
help develop the capacity for interdisciplinary teaching about
population, environment, and sustainable development.
9. Broaden Service and Outreach Nationally and Internationally
Work with national and international organizations to promote
a worldwide university effort toward a sustainable future.
10. Maintain the Movement
Establish a Secretariat and a steering committee to continue
this momentum, and to inform and support each other's efforts
in carrying out this declaration.
Creators and Original Signatories
Jean Mayer, President
Tufts University, U.S.A.
Pablo Arce, Vice Chancellor
Universidad Autonoma de Centro America, Costa Rica
L. Ayo Banjo, Vice Chancellor
University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Boonrod Binson, Chancellor
Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
Robert W. Charlton, Vice Chancellor & Principal
University of Witwatersrand, South Africa
Constantine W. Curris, President
University of Northern Iowa, U.S.A.
Michele Gendreau-Massaloux, Rector
lAcademie de Paris, France
Mario Ojeda Gomez, President
Colegio de Mexico, Mexico
Adamu Nayaya Mohammed, Vice Chancellor
Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
Augusto Frederico Muller, President
Fundacao Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Brazil
Calvin H. Plimpton, President Emeritus
American University of Beirut, Lebanon
Wesley Posvar, President
University of Pittsburgh, U.S.A.
T. Navaneeth Rao, Vice Chancellor
Osmania University, India
Moonis Raza, Vice Chanc ellor Emeritus
University of New Delhi, India
Pavel D. Sarkisov, Rector
D. I. Mendeleev Institute of Chemical Technology U.S.S.R.
Stuart Saunders, Vice Chancellor & Principal
University of Cape Town, South Africa
Akilagpa Sawyerr, Vice Chancellor
University of Ghana, Ghana
Carlos Vogt, President
Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Brazil
David Ward, Vice Chancellor
University of Wisconsin-Madison, U.S.A.
Xide Xie, President Emeritus
Fudan University, Peoples Republic of China